The Patent Office shall publish a patent application not earlier than eighteen months after the filing date or, if priority is claimed, the date of priority of the patent application [PA § 24]. Until publication the Patent Office will not disclose the essence of the patent application to the public. notices of publication of patent applications are published in the official gazette of the Patent Office. After the publication, the patent application and the processing of the patent application shall be public. Anyone may have access to the patent application file on the spot and obtain copies of patent application documents.
An applicant is notified of the publication of the patent application in writing. An applicant may request the prior publication of a patent application, but not the delay of the publication.
A patent application shall not be published if:
1. the patent application is withdrawn or deemed to be withdrawn earlier than 18 months after the filing date;
2. the patent application is rejected earlier than 18 months after the filing date;
3. the publication of the patent application is hindered due to deficiencies in the form or contents of patent application documents;
4. the patent application is classified.
After the publication the Patent Office shall commence the substantive examination of the application.